Acne appears when a pore in our skin clogs with dead skin cells. Normally, dead skin cells rise to the surface of the pore, and the body sheds the cells. When the body starts to make a lot of oil to keep our skin from drying out, the dead skin cells can stick together inside the pore. When the cells become trapped inside the pore, a pimple breaks out.
Acne can lead to permanent scarring and dark spots on the skin, low self-esteem and depression.
What can you do to make sure your teen leaves the house smiling?
- Help manage stress.
Changes in hormone levels during puberty can lead to stress, which may lead to acne. Make sure your teen gets enough sleep and exercise to help reduce stress.
- Encourage good nutrition.
While there is no scientific link between fried foods, candy and acne, a balanced diet and plenty of water helps the entire body, including our skin.
- Ensure your teen follows basic skin care.
- Gently wash the face or affected area twice a day and after sweating. Don’t scrub.
- Use fingertips, not a washcloth or sponge, to apply a gentle cleanser.
- Rinse with lukewarm water.
- Use alcohol-free products.
- Don’t pop the pimples.
- Avoid the sun.
If acne does not improve, speak to your teen’s doctor about prescription medications that may be helpful.