Medicare Advantage Readmission
Medicare Advantage Readmission
February 15, 2017
LAST REVISED DATE:
December 14, 2022
Readmissions to acute care hospitals occurring less than 31 calendar days from date of discharge are considered a quality of care issue and readmissions will be reviewed as such Horizon will review a Readmission hospitalization to determine: (1) that it was medically necessary, (2) that it was not a result of premature discharge of the patient from the same hospital, (3) that it did not result due to a lack of coordination in the transition of care between the acute care facility and the outpatient setting, or (4) if the care rendered on readmission could have been provided during the first initial admission
Horizon created this policy to align itself with CMS' Quality Improvement Organization (QIO) program
SCOPE AND APPLICABILITY:
For Hospitalizations at participating acute care facilities.
This policy applies to the Medicare Advantage plans issued and/or administered by Horizon Healthcare Services, Inc. d/b/a Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey and/or its affiliates, including Horizon Insurance Company and Healthier New Jersey Insurance Company d/b/a Braven Health (collectively "Horizon").This policy was developed in accordance with applicable NJ State and Federal guidelines and national accreditation standards.
This policy applies to the Medicare Advantage and Fully Integrated Dual Eligible Special Needs ("FIDE-SNP") plans issued and/or administered by Horizon Healthcare Services, Inc. d/b/a Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey and/or its affiliates, including Horizon Insurance Company, Horizon Healthcare of New Jersey, Inc. d/b/a Horizon NJ Health, and Healthier New Jersey Insurance Company d/b/a Braven Health (collectively "Horizon").
This policy was developed in accordance with applicable NJ State and Federal guidelines and national accreditation standards. This policy is reviewed annually, revising procedures as necessary to reflect changes to specific guidelines/standards.
Acute care facility is acute, general, short-term hospital.
Index hospitalization is the initial hospitalization at an acute care facility (hospital) where the discharge date occurred less than 31 days prior to the admission of the Readmission hospitalization.
Readmission hospitalization is a hospitalization at an acute care facility (hospital) whose admission occurred less than 31 days after the index hospitalization's discharge date.
Same or similar condition or diagnoses is a condition or diagnosis, which is the same or similar when compared between the Index hospitalization and Readmission hospitalization.
Same, similar or related reason is where the reason for readmission is for the same, similar or related condition as the Index hospitalization.
Same day is midnight to midnight of a single day.
NOA is a Notice of Admission.
Premature Discharge of Patient That Results in Subsequent Readmission of Patient to Same Hospital occurs when a patient is discharged even though he/she should have remained in the acute care facility for further testing or treatment or was not medically stable at the time of discharge. A patient is not medically stable when, in Horizon's judgment, the patient's condition is such that it is medically unsound to discharge or transfer the patient. Evidence such as elevated temperature, postoperative wound draining or bleeding, or abnormal laboratory studies on the day of discharge indicate that a patient may have been prematurely discharged from the acute care facility.
Readmission of Patient to Hospital for Care That Could Have Been Provided during First Admission This prohibited action occurs when a patient is readmitted to an acute care facility for care that, pursuant to professionally recognized standards of health care, could have been provided during the first admission. This action does not include circumstances in which it is not medically appropriate to provide the care during the first admission.
Prospective/concurrent Review (CCR) is a request for coverage of medical care or services made while a member is in the process of receiving the requested medical care or services.
Retrospective Review is a request for coverage of medical care or services after a member has received the requested medical care or services.
Readmission review involves admissions to an acute care facility occurring less than 31 calendar days from the date of discharge from the same care facility. Neither the day of discharge nor the day of admission is counted when determining whether a readmission has occurred.
Authorization of either hospitalization is not a guarantee of payment and Horizon reserves the right to review and combine reimbursement payments for readmissions per CMS regulations.
Reviews for readmission may be conducted prospectively, concurrently or retrospectively.
For each Readmission hospitalization, the Notifications of Admissions (NOA) and/or clinical information provided for concurrent review will be reviewed for a Readmission hospitalization if:
- Index hospitalization discharge occurs less than 31 calendar days from Readmission hospitalization, AND
- Discharge is from the same facility
If the Readmission hospitalization in question is deemed reviewable, review will include:
the Readmission hospitalization notes available will be compared against the Index hospitalization notes in the medical management system for:
- Premature discharge of member that results in subsequent readmission of patient to same hospital;
- Readmission of member to hospital for care that could have been provided during index admission; or
- Lack of coordination of care during the discharge transition.
- In reviewing the Readmission hospitalization and Index hospitalization notes, the reviewer will investigate for:
- Same or similar condition or diagnoses;
- Same, similar or related reason;
- Planned readmission; or
- Complication due to care, such as surgery, performed during index hospitalization.
- Excluded from readmission review:
- Discharge from Index hospitalization was against medical advice (AMA);
- Readmission that is planned for repetitive treatments (for example, cancer chemotherapy);
- Readmission is for scheduled elective surgery; and
- Maternity readmission.
- Involuntary admission (BH); and
- Court mandated (BH)
- In-network SUD admissions covered under the State of NJ SUD Mandate
- With the available information, the reviewer will either:
- Determine whether the Readmission hospitalization does not meet the criteria above and review the Readmission hospitalization for medical necessity as per normal concurrent review process.
- Where the Readmission hospitalization meets the criteria as noted above, the reviewer will refer the Readmission hospitalization to the Horizon Medical Director for review.
The Horizon Medical Director will make final determination regarding the Readmission hospitalization.
If it is determined that the Readmission hospitalization does not meet the criteria noted above, the denial will be issued as a Readmission hospitalization denial. As a result of the denial, reimbursement for Readmission hospitalization will be combined with the Index hospitalization and the first payment will be considered payment in full for the two hospitalizations.
All Horizon network participating Acute Care Facilities are required to honor Horizon's determinations and must hold the Horizon member harmless for the cost of any such denied Readmission Hospitalization. Facility may request peer-to-peer and/or submit a formal appeal of the denial of separate reimbursement for the Readmission Hospitalization.
Medical records for both admissions will be requested and reviewed to determine if the Readmission hospitalization meets the criteria in the Prospective/Concurrent Review subsection.
Failure of the provider to provide complete medical records from the Index hospitalization and Readmission hospitalization may result in denial of claims payment.
When it is determined that the Readmission hospitalization met the criteria in the Prospective/Concurrent Review subsection, the reimbursement for Readmission hospitalization will be combined with the Index hospitalization and the first payment will be considered payment in full for the two hospitalizations.
Provider may appeal the denial of readmission via formal appeals process.
Planned Readmission and Use of Leave of Absence
When a Readmission hospitalization is expected and the member does not require a hospital level of care during the interim period, the member may be placed on leave of absence by the provider.
Examples include, but are not limited to, situations where surgery could not be scheduled immediately, a specific surgical team was not available, bilateral surgery was planned, or when further treatment is indicated following diagnostic tests but cannot begin immediately.
Horizon expects providers to submit one claim for covered days and days of leave when the patient is ultimately discharged. The admissions are not considered two (2) separate admissions.
During the above claims pends and review, Horizon may review cases for proper medical billing
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