A Pew Research Center reports that 95% of teens use a smartphone and 45% of them say they are online almost constantly. Facebook has become less popular; Snapchat, Instagram and YouTube are growing. As social media use grows, so do concerns about how it affects our children.

About 45% of teens do not think social media has an effect on their lives while 31% say the effect been positive and 24% say it has been negative.

Research published by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) groups social media risks into the following categories:

Dake, JA, Price, JH, Maziarz, L and Ward, B. Prevalence and Correlates of Sexting Behavior in Adolescents, American Journal of Sexuality Education. 2012. 7:1, 1-15.